Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was a Renaissance man of great talent and genius. He fully embodied the spirit of the times, revolutionising the figurative arts, and the history of thought and science.
He was a painter, engineer and scientist, as well as an architect, sculptor, designer, scenographer, anatomist, musician, planner, botanist and inventor. He is considered to be one of the greatest geniuses of all time.
1452 Leonardo was born on 15th April in Anchiano, a place in the Vinci’s countryside, a small town near Florence, as an illegitimate son of the notary Ser Piero da Vinci and Caterina, a woman of humble origins.
1466 He moved to Florence with his father.
1469 He began to work as an apprentice in the workshop of the great Master Verrocchio.
1471 He works together with Verrocchio on the painting ” The Baptism of Christ” realizing the head of an angel and supposedly other details.
1472 He is registered to the Society of the painters of Saint Luke, he began his artistic career independently.
1481 He works on the altarpiece “Adoration of the Magi”, in the Church of San Donato in Scopeto; an artwork that remains unfinished.
1482 He was engaged by the Lordship of the city of Milan to work for the Duke Ludovico il Moro. He dedicated himself in studies on engineering and architecture, painting and drawing.
1489 He designed the bronze monumental “Equestrian statue” for Francesco Sforza. He could have accomplished just the clay model, later destroyed during the French invasion of Milan in 1499.
1490 He worked on the painting known as “The Lady with the Ermine”, which was the portrait of Cecilia Gallerani, Ludovico il Moro’s lover.
1490-1497 He worked on ” The Last Supper”, which was a painting on the wall and not a fresco, because he didn’t use the traditional technique of fresco, but his traditional technique of painting on plank. The masterpiece in facts, deteriorated in a few years from its completion.
1503 While he was in Florence began to work on the painting of ” Mona Lisa “. The Lordship of Florence engaged him to create the fresco of ” The Battle of Anghiari “, of which very few traces remains today in the Great Hall “of the 500” in Palazzo Vecchio . He intensified his studies on anatomy and flight.
1513 He moved to Rome and in Vatican worked for Giuliano de ‘Medici.
1516 He moved to France as a guest of King Francis I, working as an artist and designer of the court and living for few years in the Castle of Amboise.
1519 He died on May 2nd in Amboise, leaving all his manuscripts to his disciple Francesco Melzi , and the paintings to the other disciple Salai.